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托福阅读别看技巧了!这两点你做到没

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很多同学刚开始复习托福阅读的时候,比较专注于托福阅读技巧练习。找关键词、关键句之类的,小编觉得托福阅读需要掌握一定技巧,但好像本末倒置了。才刚开始复习,不应该要好好提升托福阅读能力吗?那么托福阅读能力又该怎样提高呢?下面和小编一起看看吧!

托福阅读别看技巧了!这两点你做到没?

一、托福阅读看词汇

我给自己定的托福阅读目标是100分,但是第一次做真题下来,分数简直惨不忍睹!这可怎么是好?在阅读训练中,我发现词汇很多不认识,大大影响阅读速度和理解,所以我觉得词汇量真的是很重要的因素。我大学四级才440分的水平,基本就没什么词汇量。所以我开始沉下心来准备背单词征程,虽然这个过程中冗长且乏味。我一共啃了两本单词书:大学四级单词新东方和托福单词21天。乱序版的大学四级单词新东方背了7遍,呵呵,可想而知我有多熟。把书扔掉的时候很多书页已经烂了。托福单词21天背了4遍,不认识的单词,能够通过单词的长相词根词缀等准确的猜出单词的意思。最后是一些分类词汇也间歇的看了一下。觉得词汇量有着长足的进步。

二、托福阅读遇到长难句怎么办?

托福阅读中遇到长难句子基本就懵比,是不是你的写照。而且长难句的运用穿插在托福阅读十大题型中的任何一类,它不仅与句子简化题息息相关,更与细节题、推断题、修辞目的题等其它题型相扣。而且看不懂长难句,无法迅速抓住这个句子的重点,托福阅读基本就死,就算答案定位准确了,也无法做对题目。

三、托福阅读如何练习看懂长难句

(1)找到合适的长难句+拆解/翻译练习

语法较规整且有很多的变化的长难句最适合用来做练习,接下来,就是做最基本的长句拆解翻译练习。长句如何拆解,这个说起来挺复杂的,可以关注我们公众号:就爱说英语,会有相关资料推送。

(2)有一定逻辑、语法基础之后,可以去练习句子简化题。

(3)使用阅读文章中长的段落,进行上下文练习,这时的练习不仅仅包括对单个长难句的理解,还包括对段落特征词、功能词的理解,段落结构的理解。做完这部分的练习你会发现长句也并非那么长了。(更多托福培训内容:http://www.e2say.com/course/toefl/)

四、最后我的托福阅读分数...

最后,我的托福阅读分数上了28分,让我欣喜若狂。主要是扎实的单词基础以及对长难句子的训练有效果。所以最后总结一下,背单词真得很重要。不是背完就可以,单词书一定要连轴转,碾压它。

杀托之路,信心是必不可少的,如果你们觉得战胜托福阅读没有信心,看看我这个学渣,连我都可以过,你们也可以!

托福阅读真题100篇原文+题目1

PASSAGE 21

The sculptural legacy that the new United States inherited from its colonial predecessors was far from a rich one, and in fact, in 1776 sculpture as an art form was still in the hands of artisans and craftspeople. Stone carvers engraved their motifs of skulls and crossbones and other religious icons of death into the gray slabs that we still see standing today in old burial grounds. Some skilled craftspeople made intricately carved wooden ornamentations for furniture or architectural decorations, while others caved wooden shop signs and ships' figureheads. Although they often achieved expression and formal excellence in their generally primitive style, they remained artisans skilled in the craft of carving and constituted a group distinct from what we normally think of as sculptors in today's use of the word.

On the rare occasion when a fine piece of sculpture was desired, Americans turned to foreign sculptors, as in the 1770's when the cities of New York and Charleston, South Carolina, commissioned the Englishman Joseph Wilton to make marble statues of William Pitt. Wilton also made a lead equestrian image of King George III that was created in New York in 1770 and torn down by zealous patriots six years later. A few marble memorials with carved busts, urns, or other decorations were produced in England and brought to the colonies to be set in the walls of churches — as in King's Chapel in Boston. But sculpture as a high art, practiced by artists who knew both the artistic theory of their Renaissance-Baroque-Rococo predecessors and the various technical procedures of modeling, casting, and carving rich three-dimensional forms, was not known among Americans in 1776. Indeed, for many years thereafter, the United States had two groups from which to choose — either the local craftspeople or the imported talent of European sculptors.

The eighteenth century was not one in which powered sculptural conceptions were developed. Add to this the timidity with which unschooled artisans — originally trained as stonemasons, carpenters, or cabinetmakers — attacked the medium from which they sculpture made in the United States in the late eighteenth century.

1. What is the main idea of the passage ?

(A) There was great demand for the work of eighteenth-century artisans.

(B) Skilled sculptors did not exist in the United States in the 1770's.

(C) Many foreign sculptors worked in the United States after 1776.

(D) American sculptors were hampered by a lack of tools and materials.

2. The word motifs in line 3 is closest in meaning to

(A) tools

(B) prints

(C) signatures

(D) designs

3. The work of which of the following could be seen in burial grounds?

(A) European sculptors

(B) Carpenters

(C) Stone carves

(D) Cabinetmakers

4. The word others in line 6 refers to

(A) craftspeople

(B) decorations

(C) ornamentations

(D) shop signs

5. The word distinct in line 9 is closest in meaning to

(A) separate

(B) assembled

(C) notable

(D) inferior

6. The word rare in line 11 is closest in meaning to

(A) festive

(B) infrequent

(C) delightful

(D) unexpected

7. Why does the author mention Joseph Wilton in line 13?

(A) He was an English sculptor who did work in the United States.

(B) He was well known for his wood carvings

(C) He produced sculpture for churches.

(D) He settled in the United States in 1776.

8. What can be inferred about the importation of marble memorials from England?

(A) Such sculpture was less expensive to produce locally than to import

(B) Such sculpture was not available in the United States.

(C) Such sculpture was as prestigious as those made locally.

(D) The materials found abroad were superior.

9. How did the work of American carvers in 1776 differ from that of contemporary sculptors?

(A) It was less time-consuming

(B) It was more dangerous.

(C) It was more expensive.

(D) It was less refined.

答案:BDCAA BABD

托福阅读真题100篇原文+题目2

PASSAGE 22

Throughout the nineteenth century and into the twentieth, citizens of the United States maintained a bias against big cities. Most lived on farms and in small towns and believed cities to be centers of corruption, crime, poverty, and moral degradation. Their distrust was caused, in part, by a national ideology that proclaimed farming the greatest occupation and rural living superior to urban living. This attitude prevailed even as the number of urban dwellers increased and cities became an essential feature of the national landscape. Gradually, economic reality overcame ideology. Thousands abandoned the precarious life on the farm for more secure and better paying jobs in the city. But when these people migrated from the countryside, they carried their fears and suspicious with them. These new urbanities, already convinced that cities were overwhelmed with great problems, eagerly embraced the progressive reforms that promised to bring order out of the chaos of the city.

One of many reforms came in the area of public utilities. Water and sewerage systems were usually operated by municipal governments, but the gas and electric networks were privately owned. Reformers feared that the privately owned utility companies would charge exorbitant rates for these essential services and deliver them only to people who could afford them. Some city and state governments responded by regulating the utility companies, but a number of cities began to supply these services themselves. Proponents of these reforms argued that public ownership and regulation would insure widespread access to these utilities and guarantee a fair price.

While some reforms focused on government and public behavior, others looked at the cities as a whole. Civic leaders, convinced that physical environment influenced human behavior, argued that cities should develop master plans to guide their future growth and development. City planning was nothing new, but the rapid industrialization and urban growth of the late nineteenth century took place without any consideration for order. Urban renewal in the twentieth century followed several courses. Some cities introduced plans to completely rebuild the city core. Most other cities contented themselves with zoning plans for regulating future growth. Certain parts of town were restricted to residential use, while others were set aside for industrial or commercial development.

1. What does the passage mainly discuss?

(A) A comparison of urban and rural life in the early twentieth century

(B) The role of government in twentieth century urban renewal

(C) Efforts to improve urban life in the early twentieth century

(D) Methods of controlling urban growth in the twentieth century

2. The word bias in line 2 is closest in meaning to

(A) diagonal

(B) slope

(C) distortion

(D) prejudice

3. The first paragraph suggests that most people who lived in rural areas

(A) were suspicious of their neighbors

(B) were very proud of their lifestyle

(C) believed city government had too much power

(D) wanted to move to the cities

4. In the early twentieth century, many rural dwellers migrated to the city in order to

(A) participate in the urban reform movement

(B) seek financial security

(C) comply with a government ordinance

(D) avoid crime and corruption

5. The word embraced in line 11 is closest in meaning to

(A) suggested

(B) overestimated

(C) demanded

(D) welcomed

6. What concern did reformers have about privately owned utility companies?

(A) They feared the services would not be made available to all city dwellers.

(B) They believed private ownership would slow economic growth

(C) They did not trust the companies to obey the government regulations.

(D) They wanted to ensure that the services would be provided to rural areas.

7. The word exorbitant in line 16 is closest in meaning to

(A) additional

(B) expensive

(C) various

(D) modified

8. All of the following were the direct result of public utility reforms EXCEPT

(A) local governments determined the rates charged by private utility companies

(B) some utility companies were owned and operated by local governments

(C) the availability of services was regulated by local government

(D) private utility companies were required to pay a fee to local governments

9. The word Proponents in line 18 is closest in meaning to

(A) Experts

(B) Pioneers

(C) Reviewers

(D) Supporters

10. Why does the author mention industrialization (line 24)?

(A) To explain how fast urban growth led to poorly designed cities

(B) To emphasize the economic importance of urban areas

(C) To suggest that labor disputes had become an urban problem

(D) To illustrate the need for construction of new factories

答案:CDBBD ABDDA

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