The teacher and poet often gives lectures around the city.


The teacher and the poet have just arrived.


Every boy and every girl has the right to receive education in our country.

(4)通常由两个部件组成的物品如:a knife and fork (一副刀叉)等作主语,谓语动词用单数。

Bread and butter is not to his taste.


Is fifty pounds enough?


Two-thirds of the books are about science.

Only 30% of the work was done yesterday.



如:常用词组有: at noon, at night

表示时间的 at, in, on:表示片刻的时间,at 8 o’clock,at midnight, at the end of, at that time, at the beginning of, at the age of, at Christmas, at New Year 等。

in 表示一段的时间

如:in the morning, in the afternoon, in the evening, in October, in 1998, in summer, in the past, in the future 等。

on 总是跟日子有关,on Monday, on Christmas morning, on the following, on May Day, on a warm morning 等。

2、表示时间的 since 和 from:since 表示从过去到现在的一段时间的过程,常与现在完成时连用:from 表示从时间的某一点开始,不涉及与现在的关系。一般多与现在时、过去时、将来时连用。

如:I hope to do morning exercises from today./ We have not seen each other since 1995.

3、表示时间的 in 和 after:两者都表示“在(某个时间)之后,区别在于in表示“在(一段时间)之后” ,而 after 则表示“在(某一具体时间点之后),in 短语和将来时态连用,after 短语和过去时态或将来时态连用。

如:We’ll be back in three days.

After seven the rain began to fall.

What shall we do after graduation?

After two months he returned. 注意:after 有时也可以表示在一段时间之后(常用在过去时里)

4、表示地理位置的 in, on, to:in 表示在某范围内,on 指与什么毗邻,to 指在某环境范围之外

如:Changchun is in the northeast of China./ Mongolia is on the north of China./ Japan is tothe east of China.

5、表示“在……上”的 on 和 in:on 只表示在某物的表面上,而用 in 表示占去某物一部分,表示……上。

如:There is a book on the piece of paper./ There is an interesting article in the newspaper./ He dug a hole in the wall.





1.一般现在时的被动语态 am/is/are + done

2.一般过去时的被动语态 was/were + done

3.一般将来时的被动语态 ⑴will/shall be done ⑵be going to be done ⑶be to be done

4.现在进行时的被动语态 is/am/are + being + done

表示说话人说话时或现阶段正在进行的动作,经常和时间副词now (现在), right now (现在, 此刻), at present (现在,目前), at this moment (此刻)连用。

5.现在完成时的被动 have/has been done

现在完成时常与already, always, often, ever, never, yet, not...yet, just等不表示明确的时间副词连用, 还可以和表示时间一直延续到目前的带(ever )since, for的状语及包括现在在内的词连用。如: now, today, this month, this year, recently, these days,many times, so far, by now, in the past/last few days/years… 等。

6. 过去完成时的被动 had been done

7. 过去将来时的被动 would be done

8. 过去进行时的被动 was/were being done

9. 带情态动词的被动语态 情态动词 + be done

10. 动词不定式的被动式 to be done






the moment,as soon as,at first,then,later,mean while,at the beginning,in the end,before long,for the first time,the minute.

(4)表转折关系的连接词:yet,and yet,but,while,on the contrary,on the otherhand,however,at the same time等。

(5)表解释说明的连接词:that is,that is to say,in other words,such as,for example,for instance,and soon,etc,

and the like,and what not等。

(6)表总结的连接词:in aword,onthe whole,in short,to sumup,in all等



During the 1990s, American country music has become more and more popular.(名词)

We often speak English in class.(代词)

One-third of the students in this class are girls.(数词)

The rich should help the poor.(名词化的形容词)



1.简单谓语:由一个动词或动词短语构成。如:He practices running every morning.

2.复合谓语:(1)由情态动词或其他助动词加动词原形构成。如:You may keep the book for two weeks. He has caughta bad cold. (2)由系动词加表语构成。如:We are students.

在英语中一个简单句只能有一个谓语动词(知道为什么吗),而且,我们平时学习的时态是针对谓语动词来说。如果以do为例,do, did ,have done, will do, had done, is/am/are doing, was/were doing, would do。在简单句中,谓语动词和主语是句子的核心,是不可以随意删掉的。



They went to see an exhibition(展览)yesterday.(名词)

The heavy rain prevented me from coming to school on time.(代词)

How many dictionaries do you have? I have five.(数词)

They helped the old with their housework yesterday.(名词化形容词)


表语:表语用以说明主语的身份、特征和状态,它一般位于系动词(如be, become, get, look, grow, turn, seem等)之后。表语一般由名词、代词、形容词、分词、数词。

Our teacher of English is an American.(名词)

Is it yours?(代词)

The weather has turned cold.(形容词)

The speech is exciting.(分词)


1. buy 用法:buy sth. for 5 dollars; buy sth. for sb.

Note: 点动词,不能表示买的时间长短。

2. but 用法:not…but.. but for next but one , have no choice bu to do sth., all but 几乎,差一点

Note: do nothing but do sth. nothing前有do,后面的to要省略。Not only… but also…引导的并列句,前倒后不倒。cannot help/ choose but do sth. 不能不,只能

3. by 用法:by accident, by air/ sea/ train, by and by, by far, by force, by mistake, by chance, by the way

Note: by way of 取道,经由。by reason of 由于。by 引导的时间状语一般句子用完成时态。

4. call 用法: call for / up / back / in / , call on sb. to do sth., pay / make a call on sb. give sb. a call ,on call

Note: call at后面跟地点;call on 后面跟人。

5. care 用法:take care of; with care; care for/about

Note: care about表示在乎,常用于否定句;care for表示关心,喜爱,常用于肯定句。

6. carry 用法:carry表示搬运;carry on表示进行;坚持下去;carry out表示执行。

Note: carry没有方向性,可以表示随身携带。

7. case 用法:in case; in case of; in any case; in this/that case

Note: in case后面的状语从句可以用虚拟语气,即in case sb. should do的形式。

8. catch 用法:catch the thief; catch fire; catch a cold; catch up with, catch sb. doing sth.

Note: be caught表示陷入困境,如:He was caught in the rain.

9. cattle 用法:集合名词,动词要用复数形式。如:Cattle are raised here. Note: 一头牛可以用a head of cattle. 注意十头牛用ten head of cattle。

10. chance 用法:by chance; take a chance; there is a chance that… Note: 在chance后面可以用动词不定式或者of的结构作定语。