中考英语语法大全

学习啦  秋连   2019-04-09 17:59:24

掌握中考英语语法知识,中考英语成绩是比较理想的。小编在此献上英语语法使用技巧,希望对你有所帮助。

全部倒装

(1)there be 句型

There is going to be a meeting.

There is a book on the table.

(2)here, there, now, then, in, out等副词置于句首时,主谓倒装,但如果主语是人称代词时,主语和谓语语序不倒装,如,Here comes the bus.

Here he comes.

(3)直接引语的部分或全部位于句首时,有时也用倒装,如,

"What he said meant nothing", said the teacher.

(4)为保持句子平衡,强调表语或状语,使上下文紧密衔接时须完全倒装,如,In front of the house sat a small boy.

部分倒装

(1)so, neither, nor置于句首说明与前者情况一致时,如,

I like swimming, so does my brother.

(2)only +状语放在句首,如,Only through this method can we win.

Only in this way can we do the work well.

(3)含有否定意义的词置于句首,如,Hardly, scarcely, not, seldom, no sooner, never, little, at no time, in no way, no more等,如,Never had I heard that.

Little did I know about this.

(4)以often, so +形容词或副词开头的句子,如,

So heavy is the box that he cannot carry it.

(5)用于省略if的虚拟条件句中,将had, were, should提前,如:

Were I you, I wouldn't do that.

Had he come, we would have won.

(6)用于某些表示祝愿的句中,如,

May you be happy for ever.

II.例题

例1、Not only ____ this machine but ____ it.

A. can he run……can he repair B. can he run……he can repair

C. he can run……he can repair D. he can run……can he repair

解析:该题答案为B,在not only……but (also)句型中,只有but前面的部分倒装,but后面仍是正常语序。

例2、____, it is quite easy to drill a hole in it with laser(激光).

A. Hard although the diamond B. Hard as the diamond is

C. As the diamond is hard D. Has hard is the diamond

解析:该题答案为B,在让步状语从句中,从属连词as可以表示though,但要用倒装语序。

例3、Only in this way ____ to improve the situation there.

A. can you hope  B. you can hope  C. hope can  D. you hope

解析:该题答案为A, only和它所修饰的状语一起置于句首时,须用倒装。

主谓一致

I. 要点

谓语受主语支配,须和主语在人称和数上保持一致,这叫做主谓一致,主谓一致包括语法一致、意义上一致和就近一致。

1、语法上一致

(1)、以单数名词或代词,动词不定式短语、动名词短语或从句作主语时,谓语动词要用单数,主语为复数时,谓语用复数,如,

To work hard is necessary for a student.

(2)、用and或both……and连接的并列主语,谓语动词用复数,如,

Both he and I are right.

但并列主语如果指的是同一人,同一事物或同一概念,谓语动词用单数,如, His teacher and friend is a beautiful girl.

(3)、主语是单数时,尽管后面跟有as well as, but ,except, besides, with ,along with, together with, like等,谓语动词仍用单数,如,

The teacher as well as his students is excited.

(4)、某些不定代词,如做主语,谓语动词要用单数,如:Everyone has a book.

(5)、一些只有复数形式的名词,如people, cattle, clothes等作主语时,谓语动词要用复数,如,A lot of people are dancing outside.

2、意义上一致

(1)、表时间、距离、价格、度量衡等的名词作主语时,谓语动词通常用单数,如,

Twenty years is not a long time.

(2)、表示总称意义的名词public, police, cattle, clothes等作主语时,谓语动词用复数,如,

People are talking about the accident.

(3)、有些集合名词,如family, team等作主语,如作为一个整体看待,谓语动词用单数,如指其中每个成员,则用复数,如,

My family is a big one.

My family are watching TV.

3、邻近一致

用连词or, either……or, neither……nor, whether……or, not only…but also,等连接的并列主语,如果一个是单数,一个是复数,则谓语动词按就近一致原则,与最靠近它的主语一致,如,

Either you or I am mad.

II.例题

例1、 The chemical works _______ where my father has worked for thirty years in 1949.

A. was built B. were built C. is built D. are built

解析:该题答案为A。works形式上是复数,意思上是单数,因此谓语动词用单数,类似的还有news, maths, politics, physics.

例2、They each _______ a copy of the new physics.

A. have B. has C. having D. gets

解析:该题答案为A。They each不等于each of …, each of 这个词组作主语谓语用单数如each of the students hands in their homework,而they each作主语,谓语要随each前面的词来变化。


相关文章:

1.人教版初中英语语法大全

2.初中英语语法总结大全

3.中考英语语法知识点归纳

4.中考英语语法难点大全

5.高中英语语法大全

 

【猜您感兴趣】
【中考英语语法大全】相关文章
【英语学习方法】图文精华
上一篇:中考英语语法知识技巧
下一篇:大学英语四六级零基础备考经验
学习成就梦想!— — 学习啦