高中英语完形填空的固定搭配解题介绍

学习啦  夏萍   2017-10-26 10:02:05

  在做英语的完型填空的时候,学生需要知道有些短语是固定的搭配,下面学习啦的小编将为大家带来完形填空的固定搭配的解题的介绍,希望能够帮助到大家。

  高中英语完形填空的固定搭配解题技巧

  典例剖析一、[2015·北京高考]Some guests brought presents. Others brought flowers. Some even brought desserts to __1__. One woman, Mrs Gilbert, __2__ Dario's mother with a book of piano music by Chopin.

  1.A.order B.sell

  C.share D.advertise

  [答案] C 参加派对,人们带来甜点desserts应该是与大家分享,因此选share。

  2.A.treated B.presented

  C.helped D.served

  [答案] B present sb. with sth.“赠送某人某物”。

  二、[2015·江苏高考]I was required to read one of Bernie Siegel's books in college and was hooked on his positivity from that moment on. The stories of his unconventional ideas and the exceptional patients he wrote about were so amazing to me and had such a big __1__ on how I saw life from then on. Who knew that so many years later I would look to Dr Bernie and his CDs again to __2__ my own cancer experience?

  I'm an ambitious writer, and when I started going through chemo (化疗), even though I'm a very positive person, I lost my drive to write. I was just too tired and not in the __3__.

  It __4__ that among other things, he was an eighty­year­old writer. He was actually a published author, and he was currently working on a new book.

  He unfortunately __5__ last year due to his cancer, but he left a deep impression on me and gave me the __6__ to pick up my pen again. I __7__ to myself, “If he can do it, then so can I.”

  1.A.strike B.push

  C.challenge D.impact

  [答案] D 根据下文可知,Bernie Siegel的书对“我”与癌症作斗争,重拾对生活的积极性产生了很大影响。have an impact on为固定短语,意为“对……产生影响”。故选D。

  2.A.learn from B.go over

  C.get through D.refer to

  [答案] C 根据空格后的“my own cancer experience”可知,此处指“我”依靠Bernie医生的CD来熬过身患癌症的经历。get through意为“度过,熬过”,符合语境。learn from意为“向……学习”;go over意为“复习”;refer to意为“参考,查阅”,均与语境不符。故选C。

  3.A.mood B.position

  C.state D.way

  [答案] A 根据上文中的“I lost my drive to write”和本句中的“too tired”可知,“我”太累了,失去了写作的兴致。in the mood为固定短语,意为“兴致勃勃”,符合语境。position意为“位置”;state意为“状态”;way意为“方式”,均与语境不符。故选A。

  4.A.came out B.worked out

  C.proved out D.turned out

  [答案] D 根据下文中的“he was an eighty­year­old writer”可知,“我”跟这位病友不经意的交谈,结果发现他是一个八十岁的作家。turn out意为“结果是”,符合语境。come out意为“出现,出版”;work out意为“锻炼,解决”;prove out意为“证明合适”,均与语境不符。故选D。

  5.A.showed up B.set off

  C.fell down D.passed away

  [答案] D 根据空格前后的“unfortunately”和“last year due to his cancer”可知,此处指他去年去世了。pass away意为“去世”,符合语境。show up意为“出现”;set off意为“出发”;fall down意为“失败,跌倒”, 均与语境不符。故选D。

  6.A.guidance B.trust

  C.opportunity D.inspiration

  [答案] D 联系后面的“pick up my pen again”和“If he can do it, then so can I.”可知这位病友给了作者鼓舞(inspiration)。guidance意为“指导”;trust意为“信任”;opportunity意为“机会”。

  7.A.promised B.swore

  C.thought D.replied

  [答案] C 根据文章最后一句“If he can do it,then so can I.”可知,此处指“我”自思自忖。think to oneself为固定短语,意为“自思自忖,暗自想”。promise意为“允诺;许诺”;swear意为“发誓”;reply意为“回答”,均与语境不符。故选C。

  三、[2015·福建高考]One of the easiest things in the world is to become a fault­finder. However, life can be __1__ when you are not busy finding fault with it.

  Several years ago I __2__ a letter from seventeen­year­old Kerry, who described herself as a world­class fault­finder, almost always __3__ by things. People were always doing things that annoyed her, and __4__ was ever good enough. She was highly self­critical and also found fault with her friends. She became a really __5__ person.

  Unfortunately, it took a horrible accident to change her __6__.

  1.A.lonely         B.great

  C.quiet D.uneasy

  [答案] B 句意:但是,当你不总是挑剔的话,生活可以很美好。lonely意为“孤独的”;great意为“极好的”;quiet意为“安静的”;uneasy意为“心神不安的”。故答案选B。

  2.A.received B.answered

  C.expected D.rejected

  [答案] A 句意:几年前,我收到了一封来自17岁的Kerry的信,在信中她将自己描述成了一个世界一流的吹毛求疵的人,几乎总是因为各种事情而烦恼。receive意为“收到”;answer意为“回答”;expect意为“期望”;reject意为“拒绝”。根据语境可知,作者是收到了一封信。故答案选A。

  3.A.threatened B.interrupted

  C.bothered D.spoiled

  [答案] C threaten意为“威胁”;interrupt意为“打断”;bother意为“使……恼怒,烦恼”;spoil意为“宠坏”。根据下文“People were always doing things that annoyed her”及常识可推知,爱吹毛求疵的人容易烦恼。故答案选C。

  4.A.anything B.everything

  C.something D.nothing

  [答案] D 句意:人们总是做些让她恼怒的事情,她觉得一切事情都不够好。anything意为“任何事情”;everything意为“一切事情”;something意为“某件事情”;nothing意为“没有事情”。上文提到Kerry觉得人们总是做些让她生气的事情。由此可推知,此处指没有事情足够好,表示否定意义。故答案选D。

  5.A.caring B.boring

  C.interesting D.surprising

  [答案] B 句意:她变成了一个真正令他人厌烦的人。caring意为“有同情心的,感到关心的”;boring意为“令人厌烦的”;interesting意为“有趣的”;surprising意为“令人惊讶的”。根据语境并结合常识可知,经常挑别人毛病的人会让人感到厌烦。故答案选B。

  6.A.attitude B.plan

  C.measure D.explanation

  [答案] A 句意:不幸的是,一场可怕的事故才改变了她的态度。attitude意为“态度”;plan意为“计划”;measure意为“措施”;explanation意为“解释”。根据本段最后两句可知,Kerry改变了自己的处世态度。故答案选A。

  技能演练

  1.But how could I help her ________ in with us? There had to be a way.

  A.come B.fall

  C.fit D.tie

  答案:C fit in with是固定搭配,“融入、适合”的意思,符合语境,因此选C。

  2.In my memory, my father could fix any problem. He was the one I always ________ for strength and security.

  A.turned to B.lived with

  C.argued with D.objected to

  答案:A 因为爸爸能解决任何问题,因此总是向爸爸寻求力量和庇护,turn to “求助于,求教于”符合语境。

  3.Kallie, however, was beginning to panic at the ________ of not being next to me. I told her that there wasn't anything I could do.

  A.thought B.end

  C.feeling D.sense

  答案:A at the thought of“一想到……”。

  4.The man bent down and gave his wife the flower, telling her who it was from. ________ being badly hurt, the old lady looked up at Tenyson with love in her eyes and gave him a little smile.

  A.Out of B.Regardless of

  C.Thanks to D.As to

  答案:B regardless of“尽管,不管,不顾”,尽管受伤很严重,那位老妇人还是抬起头……。

  5.________ I could tell, for the Beaches there was no difference between Su and me; I was their daughter, too.

  A.As long as B.As far as

  C.As soon as D.As much as

  答案:B as far as I could tell“据我判断”。

  6.My stepmother had ________ us both out of the house.

  A.struck B.removed

  C.kicked D.knocked

  答案:C kick sb. out of sp.“从……把……踢出去”; remove... from...“从……把……移除”。联系语境可知C项正确。

  7.Back in the eighties, when all my schoolmates were receiving phone messages on their pagers (寻呼机),I was still getting post­it notes (便利贴) from Mom saying that “Billy __(1)__”. This system of written notes seemed to __(2)__, so I never considered updating.

  (1)A.left B.called

  C.sang D.guessed

  答案:B Billy“打电话”了。

  (2)A.stop B.continue

  C.work D.appear

  答案:C 从来没想过更新成新产品,因为原来的便利贴“奏效”。

  8.The boat was hit violently. Dad was always at his best in any danger, but at this moment he ________.

  A.suffered B.fell

  C.froze D.withdrew

  答案:C 父亲“惊呆,吓呆”了。

  9.Suddenly the Scout (童子军) leader stood up and said, “Ma'am, I think we can help you.” He then __(1)__ five minutes rearranging his group so that adequate space was __(2)__ for the family.

  (1)A.wasted B.left

  C.paid D.spent

  答案:D spend time doing...“花时间做某事”。

  (2)A.convenient B.available

  C.probable D.comfortable

  答案:B available“可得到的,可使用的。”

  10.This scene moves all of the worldwide football fans and tells about the true ________ of football, inheritance and happiness.

  A.meaning B.message

  C.feature D.explanation

  答案:A 足球真正的“含义”(meaning)——传承和快乐。

  11.She sat at the end of the drive­thru holding a ________ that read, “Have a great day.”

  A.mark B.sign

  C.symbol D.flag

  答案:B sign“标志牌”。

  12.Peter nodded happily and his face ________ with a smile.

  A.turned up B.rose up

  C.put up D.lit up

  答案:D 句意:他的脸上绽放了笑容。light up“变得喜悦;(脸上)焕发光彩”。

  高中英语的短文改错的逻辑错误纠正的技巧

  典例剖析1.[2015·课标全国卷]When I was a child, I hoped to live in the city. I think I would be happy there.

  [答案] think→thought 考查时态。由was, hoped和would be可知,此处叙述的是过去的事情,故用一般过去时。

  2.[2015·课标全国卷]We must find ways to protect your environment.If we fail to do so, we'll live to regret it.

  [答案] your→our或the 考查代词。根据上下句语境,我们应该保护我们的环境,故改为our, 也可用定冠词the来限定。

  3.[2015·浙江高考]In the mornings, it was full of students exercising. The view from the back of the classroom is also splendid. Close to the school there was a beautiful park with many trees around it.

  [答案] is→was 考查时态。全文用的都是过去时,所以把is改为was。

  4.In fact, I don't like to go anymore, so I'm afraid I'll lose their friendship. How do you think I should do? Ifyou are me, would you talk to him?

  [答案] him→them 考查代词。根据上下文及their一词可知,此处代词指代错误,故将him改为them。

  5.On average, there are 800 tornadoes in the US each year, cause about 80 deaths and 1,500 injuries.

  [答案] cause→causing 考查非谓语动词。causing作结果状语,表“自然而然的结果”用现在分词。

  技能演练短文改错

  (一)

  A man has been waiting at the bus stop. After a few minutes later, the bus arrived and did not stop. The man thought it would stop a little far, so he started running after the bus. Fortunately, the bus never stopped. The man kept follow the bus until he arrived home. The man was very glad that he could save bit of money. He happily told his wife, “Honey, today I ran after the buses until getting home. I didn't have to pay the fee.” Surprisingly, the wife blamed her, “You fool! Do you know how many you could save if you ran after a taxi?”

  答案:

  A man been waiting at the bus stop. After a few minutes , the bus arrived did not stop. The man thought it would stop a little , so he started running after the bus. , the bus never stopped. The man kept the bus until he arrived home. The man was very glad that he could save bit of money. He happily told his wife, “Honey, today I ran after the until getting home. I didn't have to pay the fee.” Surprisingly, the wife blamed , “You fool! Do you know how you could save if you ran after a taxi?”

  (二)

  Last week my parents and I took a two­days trip to Emei Mountain in Sichuan. As everyone knows, it's famous mountain with all kinds of plants and animals. The weather was fine. It was about noon that we arrived at the foot of the mountain. The three of them were very excited. As we climbed the mountain, we fed monkeys, visiting temples and told stories. On the way up I was busy taking picture since the scenery was so beautifully. The time passes quickly. Evening came. We spent the night in a hotel at the top of the mountain. The food was expensive and the service was good. I was so tired that I fell asleep at the moment my head touched the pillow.

  答案:

  Last week my parents and I took a trip to Emei Mountain in Sichuan. As everyone knows, it's famous mountain with all kinds of plants and animals. The weather was fine. It was about noon we arrived at the foot of the mountain. The three of were very excited. As we climbed the mountain, we fed monkeys, temples and told stories. On the way up I was busy taking since the scenery was so . The time quickly. Evening came. We spent the night in a hotel at the top of the mountain. The food was expensive the service was good. I was so tired that I fell asleep the moment my head touched the pillow.


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