学习啦 淑航 2015-12-03 16:49:40
(1)a.My first visit to New Zealand will always be remembered by me.
b. I will always remember my first visit to New Zealand.
(2)a.The crowing of cocks could be heard at dawn.
b. The cocks' crow came with dawn.
虽然如此，在某些情况下，非用被动语态不可。前此已提过这事，这里不再重述。这里只有指出其中一点，就是有些动词，如 "base, schedule, expect, suppose" 等，通常以被动语态形式出现。
(1)This survey was based on facts.
(2)The last train is scheduled to leave at 9pm.
(3)You are expected to come on time.
(4)All are supposed to work hard.
(1)Helen's left lung is infected.
(2)He is confined to the house by illness.
(3)The old man was seized with sudden chest pains.
(4)I am completely exhausted after the game.
(5)Tom was done up after the race.
(6)The children were fascinated by the toys.
(7)We were delighted to hear the good news.
(8)I am very pleased to see you here.
(9)The workers were held up by the heavy rain.
(10)The road was blocked by ice.
(11)The train was delayed by 30 minutes.
(12)Tom is addicted to smoking.
(13)Foreign workers are quite used to hard work.
(14)Who was upset by John?
(15)Mother was annoyed to know this.
(16)I was surprised to see him here.
(17)All were shocked to hear the bad news.
(18)The troops were surrounded.
(19)Troy was besieged.
(20)Judy's reputation is tarnished.
(21)The water was contaminated with oil.
(22)All were frightened out of their wits.
(23)He was puzzled about what to do next.
从结构上说，英语连接词分两大类：并列连词(coordinating conjunctions)和从属连词(subordinating conjunctions)。
并列连词连接两个或两个以上地位平等的字、词组或分句。例如：(1)Air and water are indispensable to me.
(2)She likes going out with friends or playing outdoor games.
(3)Most workers have a good income, so they look very happy.
(4)He said that he did not want to go .
(5)Many things have happened since I last saw him.
(6)You may come if you want to.
(1)This book may be used both as a text as well as a reference book.
这里的“as well as”和“both”不能搭配，应该将“as well ”改为“and”，使“both……and……”变成关联连词( correlative conjunction)
(2)He not only speaks Mandarin but also English.
(3)Although he is fat, but he is very weak.
英语里的“although”和“but”是不见面的 ，因此这句里的“ but”要去掉，不然“although”就要出来。
(4)Jim is not so strong like you.
(5)No sooner had we reached our destination, they left.
"No sooner"必须和"than" 配成关联连词，把"than" 省掉是不对的，应该补上：
No sooner had we reached our destination than they left.
这句子的意思也可透过“as soon as”反映出来：
“As soon as we reached our destination, they left.”
(6)I took a taxi and which took me to the station.
这里的并列连词“and”是多余的，必须去掉。如果要保留“and ”也可，但是形容词分句里的关系代词“Which”要改成主语“it” ，使整个句子变成并列分句如下：
I took a taxi and it took me to the station.
(7)My friend came up to me and held my hand, said good-bye excitedly.
My friend came up to me, held my hand, and said good-bye excitedly.
My friend came up to me and held my hand, saying good-bye excitedly.